Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. It has smooth light-grey bark made up of thin, stiff, brittle flakes. 14 plant name records match your search criteria Avicennia marina.The results are below. marina autonym. It is distributed along Africa's east coast, south-west, south and south-east Asia, and Australia. Vierh. resinifera (G. Extensive underground root system with 'pencil roots' (pneumatophores or breathing roots) up to 90 mm long, sticking up out of the mud in dense stands spreading out from tree. J.Everett APNI* . Forst.) Bakh. It is a characteristic species of the Southern Africa mangroves ecoregion, and is one of three species present in Africa's southernmost mangroves, in the estuary of South Africa's Nahoon River at 32°56′S. Synonyms . var. Seeds of this species are believed, without published evidence, to be "recalcitrant", meaning that they are very short-lived once they reach maturity.The seeds germinate in the fruit while still on the tree. Grey mangroves grow as a shrub or tree to a height of 3 to 10 m (9.8 to 32.8 ft), or up to 14 m in tropical regions. Avicennia tomentosa var. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. Leaves opposite, 30-100 x 12-40 mm, thick, leathery, shiny olive green above, with dense grey hairs beneath, margin entire with sharply or bluntly pointed tip, base narrowing, petiole short (5 mm long). http://plants.usda.gov. martii Mold. Alice Campbell and Peter Gasson, Royal Botanic Gardens - Kew As in other widespread mangrove genera, there are different species with non-overlapping distributions in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ocean basins. marina: AVMAM: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) This produces a large, fleshy seed, often germinating on the tree and falling as a seedling. ); witseebasboom (Afr. – gray mangrove. – gray mangrove : References Expert(s): Expert: Notes: ... in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Avicennia : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Avicennia ... Common Name: Scientific Name As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. (2009). H.F. GlenKwazulu-Natal HerbariumJune 2011, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Soil type: Sandy, Clay, Loam, Brack/saline, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer. Mabberley's Plant-book, edn 3. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Avicennia marina subsp. Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1973. ); mangal, towozi, txomahati (Xironga); isikhungathi (isiXhosa, isiZulu) - these from Van Wyk et al. Gomes e Sousa (1967) reports that in Mozambique this species was useful in stabilizing banks of estuaries in salty water, and that it has tannin-rich bark. Family Acanthaceae. You have a small, cold, water-wise garden? Avicennia marina Forssk. These roots also anchor the plant during the frequent inundation of seawater in the soft substrate of tidal systems. 137. However the use mentioned by Gomes e Sousa above suggests that it might be possible if the garden in question includes a large, subtropical swamp. latifolia Moldenke Avicennia balanophora Stapf & Moldenke ex Moldenke Avicennia mindanaense Elmer Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf ex Ridl. Results. Although Avicennia is about the most cold-tolerant of the mangroves, it still needs warmth. The specific epithet marina refers to the habitat of the white mangrove, at the edge of the sea. It has been reported to tolerate extreme weather conditions, high winds, and various pests and diseases. Duke, N.C. 1991. Vierh. 1977. Vierh. Boon, R. 2010. alba (Blume) Bakh. [15] The most inland occurrence of mangroves in Australia is a stand of grey mangroves in the Mandora Marsh, some 60 km from the coast. Avicennia — Blühender Zweig der Schwarzen Mangrove (Avicennia germinans) Systematik Asteriden Euasterid … Deutsch Wikipedia. This can travel far and wide propelled by wind and ocean currents, and so it is to be expected that trees are found wherever a suitable habitat exists. Bruguiera gymnorhiza has numerous names in English, the most common one is porbably Large-Leafed Orange Mangrove followed by Oriental Mangrove. Naidoo, pers. A bird in Muthupet.JPG 2,288 × 1,712; 793 KB. This also explains the lack of overlap between the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ranges of the genus. & Van Wyk, P. 1997. ... Avicennia tonduzii Mold. This colonisation of southerly climes may have occurred relatively recently, perhaps several thousand years ago, when they were transferred by the Leeuwin Current. Grey mangrove is a highly variable tree, with a number of ecotypes, and in forms closely resembling other species. & Pammenter, N.W. Avicennia, also called black mangrove, genus comprising at least eight species of trees or shrubs in the family Acanthaceae. Avicennia marina subsp. Their fleshy, leathery leaves are opposite and entire and feature salt-exuding glands on the upper and lower surfaces. Vierh. Species name: Mangroves Scientific name: Avicennia marina Locally known as: Gurm. Before experimenting, please be aware that every swamp where this tree grows naturally in South Africa is protected and you will need a permit to collect seed in this country, or an import permit and phytosanitary certificates to bring seed in from elsewhere in its range. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. The bark has been used for tanning and for the preparation of a brown dye. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). Instituto de Investigação Agronômica de Moçambique, Lourenço Marques. var. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. The species can tolerate high salinity by excreting salts through its leaves.[15]. Linnaeus, C. 1747. The name gymnorhiza comes from two Greek words "gymno" naked and "rhiza" root, naked root which refers to the exposed knee roots of Bruguiera gymnorhiza emerging from the ground. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are … Australian Systematic Botany 4: 299-324. Glen, H.F. 2004. Another mangrove system is found even further south (500 km) at Bunbury. California county polygons can … The breathing roots cover a vast area, much larger than the crown, and in nature they tend to crowd out anything else between them. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Avicennia marina . Unusually among mangroves, these trees can exude excess salt through their leaves, and it is not uncommon to find salt crystals adhering to the leaves. Distribution. Avicennia marina f. That the earliest published reference should be to an Indian Ocean species and not to an Atlantic one is not remarkable when one considers the route that the early Portuguese and Dutch traders used between Europe and India. ); mangal, towozi, txomahati (Xironga); isikhungathi (isiXhosa, isiZulu) - these from Van Wyk et al. Around Kosi Bay, the leafy branches provide closures for fish traps, and further north in East Africa the hard, yellow-brown wood is used for making the ribs of dhows (traditional Arab sailing vessel). Government Printer, Nairobi. comm.) Naidoo, Gonasageran (2016). However, other early explorers sailed to the Caribbean, and A. germinans (L.) L. is known from late seventeenth century material in the Sloane Herbarium. Another variety, Avicennia marina var. Bark pale yellowish green, with raised dots, flaking. Avicennia marina var. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. It is one of the few mangroves found in the arid regions of the coastal Arabian Peninsula, mainly in sabkha environments in the United Arab Emirates,[3] Qatar,[4] Oman,[5] as well as in similar environments on both side of the Red Sea (in Yemen,[6] Saudi Arabia,[7] Egypt,[1] Eritrea,[8] and Sudan),[9] and Qatar[10] and southern Iran[11] along the Persian Gulf coast. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Read on and find out. Bakh. A systematic revision of the mangrove genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia. Keith Coates Palgrave's Trees of southern Africa. Wildlife Society of South Africa, Durban. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Native Introduced Native and Introduced. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. Mabberley, D.J. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Mabberley (2008) reports that the timber, like that of many mangroves, is resistant to termites. In the mangroves of southern Africa. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. resinifera (G.Forst.)Bakh. Duke, N., Kathiresan, K., Salmo III, S.G., Fernando, E.S., Peras, J.R., Sukardjo, S., Miyagi, T., Ellison, J., Koedam, N.E., Wang, Y., Primavera, J., Jin Eong, O., Wan-Hong Yong, J. It occurs in New Zealand between 34 and 38 degrees south; its Māori name is mānawa. Avicennia alba Bl. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Struik, Cape Town. The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or … arabica Walp. It is distributed along Africa's east coast, south-west, south and south-east Asia, and Australia. 1970. Avicennia marina var. Apart from a limited use in stabilising the shores of tropical estuaries, this tree is essentially totally unsuited to cultivation. gray mangrove Then this is one of the half-dozen worst ideas in the entire South African flora for you! Curiously, experiments at the then University of Durban-Westville (G.S. I have never seen a diseased tree of this species. australasica (Walp. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. A numbered check-list of trees shrubs and noteworthy lianes indigenous to Kenya. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. ไม้พุ่มหรือไม้ต้น สูงได้ถึง 20 ม. Common name. gray mangrove: AVMAM2: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Grey Mangrove, White Mangrove. Avicennia bicolor. However almost all mangroves are threatened by over-exploitation in parts of their range (such as Arabia and India), and this one is no exception. Avicennia marina subsp. ; seed developing on the tree, fruit usually splitting after falling; water-dispersed. acutissima Stapf ex Mold. Gomes e Sousa, A. marina. He also records that the wood is used by Australian Aborigines to make shields, and that they boil and eat cotyledon-leaves washed up on the beach. Strelitzia 25. "The mangroves of South Africa: An ecophysiological review". Avicennia germinans (L.) L. — Symbol AVGE Common Name black mangrove Botanical Family Verbenaceae … Scientific plant list. Later generations of Western academics Latinized his name as 'Avicenna'. Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. Avicennia marina ssp. National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. Scientific Names. Fruit a green, oval, two-valved capsule 20-25 mm diam. Flora Zeylanica. กิ่งอ่อนมักเป็นสี่เหลี่ยม ใบเรียงตรงข้าม รูปรีหรือรูปไข่ ยาว 2–7 ซม. Linnaeus, C. 1754. A few decades later the white mangrove was well illustrated in Van Rheede's (1678-1693) Hortus Malabaricus, and this work is the source of the generic name used by Linnaeus (1747, 1754). Dendrologia de Moçambique. Flora & Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. The genus Avicennia is named after one of the greatest luminaries of mediaeval Islamic science, the Persian physician, naturalist, philosopher and mathematician Abu Ali Husain Ibn Abd Allah (Abu Ali Alhosain Ibn Sina, 980-1037 AD). Moistened seeds could be heaped into stone ovens, sealed with bark, baked for two hours then soaked in a pool dug in sand before eating. Vierh. Avicennia marina var. Name . (2011); Gomes e Sousa (1967) gives nhamesso (Xironga) and mussu (Quimuane) for Mozambique. The Plant List includes 31 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Avicennia.Of these 8 are accepted species names. http://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T178828A7619457.en, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. )Moldenke APNI* Avicennia marina var. traditional use. Avicennia bicolor Standl. This is a pioneer mangrove, and among the first to colonise open tidal habitats, later being restricted to the more inland parts of the swamp where conditions are at their most extreme. These allow the plant to absorb oxygen, which is deficient in its habitat. Van Wyk, A.E. The increase of Avicennia is however a symptom of a more serious issue, that is the impact of increased sedimentation rates within harbours whose catchments have been seriously degraded and/or deforested. Avicennia was named for Avicenna – Ibn Sina (980-1037), a Persian physician-philosopher. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are recorded on herbarium specimens, as are many other vernacular names within its vast range. The fruit contains large cotyledons that surround the new stem of a seedling. 1775. Avicennia officinalis Auct. Johannes van Someren, Amsterdam. With that background it is hardly surprising that I have never seen nor heard of anyone trying to grow the white mangrove in a garden. Pooley's Trees of eastern South Africa. Media related to Avicennia marina at Wikimedia Commons. (2011); Gomes e Sousa (1967) gives nhamesso (Xironga) and mussu (Quimuane) for Mozambique. Homonyms Avicennia marina Vierh. The genus Avicennia includes between 4 and 14 species, depending on the limits one adopts for a species. White mangrove grows on the inland side of tropical and subtropical coastal swamps, along the east coast of Africa from about East London to Sudan (Red Sea coast), on the coasts of Arabia, India, northern Australia and on every island in the Indian Ocean. – gray mangrove. Subordinate Taxa. [12][13] The species is also found in Somalia.[14]. resinifera (G. Preferred Names. Avicennia marina; Media in category "Avicennia marina" The following 86 files are in this category, out of 86 total. Avicennia flourishes where silt and mud has accumulated and in some harbours, especially those abutting cities it has become a problem species. Pinax Theatri Botanici. Vierh. Trees of southern Africa. Impensis Joannis Regis, Basel. Bauhin, C. 1623. marina. In Australia, it extends much farther south than other mangroves, occurring in every mainland state. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae).As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. SAPPI What's in a Name? The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Avicennia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Vierh. ssp. Sceura marina Forssk. 2008. Vierh. Login to add your Comment australasica (Walp.) Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Avicennia lanata Ridl. Avicennia tomentosa arabica Walp. Field guide to trees of southern Africa. And finally, being a mangrove this tree needs prodigious amounts of water. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Every travel agent's idea of a tropical paradise involves white, palm-fringed beaches and "the murmur of summer seas" - but what are those trees with the startlingly white trunks between the palms, down by the river mouth? It is a common and often dominant constituent of mangrove swamps (usually the inland fringes of mangrove associations), and is also a pioneer of new mud banks; sea level. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. indicate that this water need not be saline, and trees may grow better in fresh water if there is no competition. A number of botanists have proposed division of the species, but currently three subspecies are recognised: Data related to Avicennia marina at Wikispecies Common names: white mangrove (Eng. Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. [16] The grey mangrove can experience stunted growth in water conditions that are too saline, but thrive to their full height in waters where both salt and fresh water are present. Van Rheede tot Drakenstein, H. 1678--1693. Synonyms: Avicennia marina var. As with other Avicennia species, it has aerial roots (pneumatophores); these grow to a height of about 20 cm (5 in), and a diameter of 1 cm. & Manyama, P.A. Vierh. Its distribution is disjunct in Western Australia; the population of the Abrolhos Islands is 300 km (190 mi) further south than the nearest population of Shark Bay. & Ngoc Nam, V. (2010). Jacana, Johannesburg. marina : AVMAR: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or … Briza Academic, Pretoria. The Plant List includes a further 34 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Avicennia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. APNI* Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. It is a pioneer in muddy soil conditions with a pH value of 6.5 to 8.0, but is intolerant of shade. Avicennia marina var. Red List of South African Plants 2009. Small to medium-sized tree (3-11 m), main trunk straight, up to 76 cm in diameter, with much branched, rounded crown. ... Avicennia marina (Forssk.) 1967. Raimondo et al. Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Common Names: Afiafy (Malgache-Betsimisaraka & Tanosy, Madagascar, Central and southeast) 2. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. (2009) list the white mangrove as being of Least Concern, which is reasonable, given its immense range and abundance where it occurs. Family: Avicenniaceae. australasica: SCo (Mission Bay, San Diego Co.) MAP CONTROLS 1. Balkema, Cape Town.Raimondo, D., Von Staden, L. Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Forst.) Berjak, P., Campbell, G.K., Huckett, B.I. var. Secura marina Forssk., Fl. Vierh. Vierh._PROTA", "FAO Corporate Document Repository_Sudan", "A Systematic Revision of the Mangrove Genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Avicennia_marina&oldid=977801869, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Use Australian English from November 2017, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 September 2020, at 02:22. They thus sailed past all the Avicennia localities in the Atlantic without stopping, and only made landfall in the Indian Ocean. Genera Plantarum edn 5. The results can also be downloaded as a CSV file (Unicode UTF-8 encoding).. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Statistics. Not registered yet? australasica (Walp. Salvius, Stockholm. )J.Everett 1994. pronounced: av-ih-SEN-ee-uh mar-EE-nuh subspecies aw-strah-LAY-see-kuh (Acanthaceae — the black-eyed Susan family) common name: grey mangrove. Click here to register. Common name: Grey Mangrove. In South Australia along the Barker Inlet and Port River in Gulf St Vincent, as well as in sheltered bays in Spencer Gulf and the west coast of Eyre Peninsula, A. marina forests form hatcheries for much of the state's fish and shellfish commercial and recreational fisheries. As with other Avicennia species, it has a… Flowers creamy yellow, small, in dense round heads in leaf axils or terminally, on short, square stalks, sweetly scented. Avicennia marina Name Synonyms Avicennia alba var. APNI*. Description: Of all the species in nature, the mangrove is among the most fascinating and beneficial to humanity.This hardy tree acts as a natural windbreak, protecting us against tidal surges and purifying the surrounding water. Geographic subdivisions for Avicennia marina var. Scientific Name Common Name Photos; AVMA3: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Northern Aborigines learned to harvest this starchy food by leaching out distasteful tannins and bitter substances which are the plant's chemical defence. Vierh. Aeg.-Arab. australasica is a many-branched woody shrub or small tree favouring tidal flats of harbours and estuaries.It is easily recognized by its bushy growth with opposite fleshy leaves and aerial roots (pneumatophores) which rise vertically from the mud. [16], Grey mangroves grow as a shrub or tree to a height of 3 to 10 m (9.8 to 32.8 ft), or up to 14 m in tropical regions. Avicennia marina var. ); witseebasboom (Afr. It has smooth light-grey bark made up of thin, stiff, brittle flakes. australasica is the world's southernmost mangrove, being reported from the south-eastern tip of Australia near Melbourne, and from New Zealand near Auckland. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Van Wyk, A.E., Van den Berg, E., Coates Palgrave, M. & Jordaan, M. 2011. alba (BI.) Dictionary of names for southern African trees. Common names Pollinators and insect interactions are unknown, but Palmer & Pitman (1973) note that the tree provides nesting sites for several coastal bird species. Salvius, Stockholm. Avicennia elliptica var. Gillett, J.B. & McDonald, P.G. Their last landfall in the Atlantic was Madeira, the Azores or the Canaries, from where they went almost to Brazil (but not landing anywhere) before turning south-eastwards and rounding the Cape. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Scientific Name: Avicennia marina Arabic Name: Qurm قرم IUCN Red List Endangered Status: Least Concern The grey mangrove (Avicennia marina) is named after Avicenna or Ibn Sina (AD 980-1037), one of the most significant Islamic philosopher-scientists.It is a mangrove tree which can thrive in both high salinity and freshwater habitats.. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. Soil requirements for this tree are unknown, but probably include anaerobic mud. Pages in category "Avicennia marina" This category contains only the following page. As with all proper mangroves, the seeds germinate on the tree, and what is dropped and dispersed is actually a seedling. Common names: white mangrove (Eng. The flowers range from white to a golden yellow colour, are less than 1 cm across, and occur in clusters of three to five. Bakh. Struik, Cape Town. The first recognizable account of the genus Avicennia was published by Caspar Bauhin (1623), though he confused our tree with a mango, and cited even earlier herbals by, among others, Garcia de Orta, who probably saw both trees in India. Avicennia has a wide geographical distribution, with members found in intertidal estuaries along many of the world’s tropical and warm temperate coasts. – gray mangrove.
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