The idea of declaring the Siachen region a "Peace Park" was presented by environmentalists and peace activists in part to preserve the ecosystem of the region badly affected by the military presence. Coldest highest battlefield Siachen glacier should be peace mountain. [4][42][43][44][45] According to the Indian stance, the line of separation should continue roughly northwards along the Saltoro Range, to the west of the Siachen glacier beyond NJ9842;[46] international boundary lines that follow mountain ranges often do so by following the watershed drainage divide[40] such as that of the Saltoro Range. Prior to 1984, neither country had any military forces in this area. [67] Both of them showed their commitment to resolve the Siachen conflict as early as possible. He, on Monday, declared that the entire area from Siachen Base to Kumar Post has been opened for tourism. President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari also visited a area near the Siachen Glacier called Gayari Sector during 2012 with Pakistan Army Chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani. Often romantically described as the world’s coldest and highest battlefield. Siachen disputation . To support the troops, glacial ice has been cut and melted with chemicals. While there are … Pakistan and India attack each other many times since 1948. [56] In 2001 India laid oil pipelines (about 250 kilometres long) inside the glacier to supply kerosene and aviation fuel to the outposts from base camps. [72] The region was nominated for inclusion in the United Nations' World Heritage List as a part of the Karakoram range, but was deferred by the World Heritage Committee. Siachen Glacier. The 75-km long Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. The average winter snowfall is more than 1000 cm (35 ft) and temperatures can dip to −50 °C (−58 °F). Het eerste volledige verslag van de Siachen-oorlog dat van Indiase en Pakistaanse zijde wordt verteld. Also Read - ‘Siachen Now Open For Tourists And Tourism,’ Says Rajnath Singh. [58], The waste produced by the troops stationed there is dumped in the crevasses of the glacier. As my father was in army ( got retired last year) , he was posted in Siachen Glacier and also in Nathula border area Sikkim (both comes in highest battle field). [70] In September 2003, the governments of India and Pakistan were urged by the participants of 5th World Parks Congress held at Durban, to establish a peace park in the Siachen region to restore the natural biological system and protect species whose lives are at risk. [24][25][26], Aside from the Indian and Pakistani military presence, the glacier region is unpopulated. [61][62] Research is being done by scientists of The Energy and Resources Institute, to find ways for successfully disposing the garbage generated at the glacier using scientific means. An interesting example is the Tibetan Plateau, where the monsoon creates steady strong winds from December to April, and calm winds from June to October. Copyright © 2020. An Indian soldier who was buried in an avalanche that struck the Siachen glacier in Indian-administered Kashmir six days ago has been found alive. The 76 km long Siachen glacier lies between the massive peaks of the Saltoro Range to its west and Karakoram Range to its east. The Siachen Glacier at the height of around 20,000 ft in the Karakoram range is known as the highest militarised zone in the world where the soldiers have to battle frostbite and high winds You can find out more-, ‘Siachen Now Open For Tourists And Tourism,’ Says Rajnath Singh, Soldiers in Frozen Siachen Break Eggs With Hammers, Video Goes Viral, Give Befitting Reply to Pakistan's Misadventure: Defence Minister Rajnath Singh to Troops at Siachen, Siachen glacier acts as a barrier between the Shaksgam Valley and Baltistan. The Siachen conflict, sometimes referred to as the Siachen War, was a military conflict between India and Pakistan over the disputed Siachen Glacier region in Kashmir.A cease-fire went into effect in 2003. The harsh weather condition cannot be survived for more than that. Siachen glacier is one of the deadliest battlefield where the two most rival countries India and Pakistan have fought. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh became the first Indian Prime Minister to visit the area, during which he called for a peaceful resolution of the problem. Both India and Pakistan have wished to disengage from the costly military outposts. [citation needed], Dumping of non-biodegradable waste in large quantities and the use of arms and ammunition have considerably affected the ecosystem of the region. The Siachen Glacier is in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalaya Mountains along the disputed India-Pakistan interim border at approximately .Siachen Glacier was the Land of Wild Roses before it became a battle field. Since 1984, when the Indian army took control of Siachen, more than 1000 soldiers have died guarding the glacier. It ranges from a height of 5,753 m (18,875 ft) above ocean level. 15 Crazy Facts About The Siachen Glacier That Will Make You Love Our Soldiers Even More. The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about 35°25′16″N 77°06′34″E  /  35.421226°N 77.109540°E  / , just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about, just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan ends. The Siachen glacier is a bone of contention between India and Pakistan and the Indian Army had gained control of it in 1984. The expeditions are also meant to show to the international audience that Indian troops hold "almost all dominating heights" on the key Saltoro Ridge and to show that Pakistani troops are nowhere near the Siachen Glacier. This is nearly twice the altitude of Ladakh. Siachen Glacier, Nov 27 (ANI): Soldiers of the Indian Armed Forces read the Preamble to the Constitution of India at Siachen Glacier to mark the … [3][4] At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. Published Date: October 22, 2019 1:37 PM IST. Both countries maintain a permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 m (20,000 ft). The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about 35°25′16″N 77°06′34″E  /  35.421226°N 77.109540°E  / , just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. [61] The region is home to rare species including snow leopard, brown bear and ibex that are at risk because of the military presence.[63][65]. [19] Pakistan lost 353 soldiers in various operations recorded between 2003 and 2010 near Siachen, including 140 Pakistani personnel killed in 2012 Gayari Sector avalanche. India occupied the Siachen Glacier on 13 April 1984. Kent L. Biringer, a researcher at Cooperative Monitoring Center of Sandia Labs suggested setting up Siachen Science Center, a high-altitude research centre where scientists and researchers from both the countries can carry out research activities[71] related to glaciology, geology, atmospheric sciences and other related fields. All Rights Reserved. Aside from the Indian and Pakistani military presence, the glacier region is unpopulated. At these dizzying heights, breathing can also be a huge effort and many soldiers suffer from high-altitude pulmonary and cerebral edema, headaches and hypertension. The Siachen Glacier lies immediately south of the great drainage divide that separates the Eurasian Plate from the Indian subcontinent in the extensively glaciated portion of the Karakoram sometimes called the "Third Pole". The glacier's region is the highest battleground on Earth,[66] where Pakistan and India have fought intermittently since April 1984. Siachen is the highest battlefield in the world at a height of 17,000 feet with temperature dropping to as low as -50 degree celcuis. [15][16] Indian troops under Operation Meghdoot pre-empted Pakistan's Operation Ababeel by just one day to occupy most of the dominating heights on Saltoro Ridge to the west of Siachen Glacier. [63] Some scientists of the Defence Research and Development Organisation who went on an expedition to Antarctica are also working to produce a bacterium that can thrive in extreme weather conditions and can be helpful in decomposing the biodegradable waste naturally. [17][18] However, more soldiers have died from the harsh weather conditions in the region than from combat. Tourism will be allowed from Siachen base camp to Kumar Post that lies above 15,000 feet. The chances of a human body to develop blood clots is 100 times higher in Siachen than on sea level. It is predicted that the glaciers of the Siachen region will be reduced to about one-fifth of their 2011 size by 2035. [74], Sandia National Laboratories organised conferences where military experts and environmentalists from both India and Pakistan and also from other countries were invited to present joint papers. [27][28] The region is also extremely remote, with limited road connectivity. Every soldier who gets the duty to guard the glacier serves about three months. The glacier's melting waters are the main source of the Nubra River in the Indian region of Ladakh, which drains into the Shyok River. The Siachen Glacier is the longest glacier in the Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. Read more on Latest Articles News on India.com. [54] In the twenty-nine-year period 1929–1958, well before the military occupation, the glacial retreat was recorded to be about 914 meters. The contended area is nearly 1,000 square miles (2,600 km 2) of territory. India (Kashmir,Siachen Glacier) When 1984 Since 1984 the Indian and Pakistani armies have faced each other on the Siachen Glacier, in the disputed territory of Kashmir, at a height of up to 6,700 m (22,000 ft), in temperatures as low as -60°C (-76°F). The Siachen glacier is the highest battleground on earth, where India and Pakistan have fought intermittently since April 13, 1984. The Indian Army mans glacier … The glacier is claimed by both India and Pakistan, with a large deployment by both sides. [51] The study of satellite images of the glacier showed that the glacier is retreating at a rate of about 110 meters a year and that the glacier size has decreased by almost 35 percent. Wind rose. The lost more soldiers to adverse weather conditions than hostilities. The Siachen glacier also boasts of the world's highest helipad built by India at Point Sonam, 21,000 feet (6,400 m) above the sea level, to supply its troops. After that present Prime Minister Narendra Modi also visited this place. Thus the name Siachen refers to a land with an abundance of roses. https://bcvasundhra.blogspot.com/2014/11/fighting-at-siachan-heights.html Siachen is the 5th largest glacier of the Karakoram Range and second largest glacier in the world. This is the highest motor-able road which is kept up by Border Roads Organization and it is deliberately a critical street to convey supplies to the Siachen Glacier. The Indus is used for drinking and irrigation. However, after the Pakistani incursions during the Kargil War in 1999, India abandoned plans to withdraw from Siachen without official recognition of the current line of control by Pakistan, wary of further Pakistani incursions if they vacate the Siachen Glacier posts without such recognition. The biggest challenge in cleaning up Siachen has been the height of the glacier, which ranges between 18,000 and 21,000 feet. [48][52] In an eleven-year period, the glacier had receded nearly 800 meters,[53] and in seventeen years about 1700 meters. [59] About 1000 kilograms of waste is produced and dumped in glacial crevasses daily by the Indian forces. It is also the world’s second most extended glacial range in the non-polar regions of the globe. The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about , just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. “Nothing degrades at sub-zero temperatures. Singh added, “Ladakh has tremendous potential in tourism. [22] In December 2015, Indian Union Minister of State for Defence Rao Inderjit Singh said in a written reply in the Lok Sabha that a total of 869 Army personnel have lost their lives on the Siachen glacier due to climatic conditions and environmental and other factors till date since the Army launched Operation Meghdoot in 1984. The naming of the glacier itself, or at least its currency, is attributed to Tom Longstaff. Also, the oxygen level at that height is as low as 10 per cent of what we have down on grassland. Siachen is the 5th largest glacier of the Karakoram Range and second largest glacier in the world. Facts about Siachen The biggest challenge in cleaning up Siachen has been the height of the glacier, which ranges between 18,000 and 21,000 feet. The Siachen Glacier at the height of around 20,000 ft in the Karakoram range is known as the highest militarised zone in the world where the soldiers have to battle frostbite and high winds. The crest of the Saltoro Ridge's altitudes range from 5,450 to 7,720 m (17,880 to 25,330 feet). India also installed the world's highest telephone booth on the glacier. 1. In 2012, Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army General Bikram Singh said that the Indian Army should stay in the region for strategic advantages, and because a "lot of blood has been shed" by Indian armed personnel for Siachen. At Siachen glacier, the temperature is always freezing and it can even drop to minus 60 degrees Celsius. The Siachen Glacier at the height of around 20,000 feet (ft) in the Karakoram range is known as the highest militarised zone in the world where the soldiers have to battle frostbite and high winds. Siachen Glacier, 71km long and one of the world’s largest glaciers, is situated in the north of the disputed region of Kashmir. At 76km long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. For breaking news and live news updates, like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter and Instagram. For the military conflict over this area, see, Location of the Siachen Glacier within the greater, From map: "THE DELINEATION OF INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARIES ON THIS MAP MUST NOT BE CONSIDERED AUTHORITATIVE", From map: "THE DELINEATION OF INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARIES MUST NOT BE CONSIDERED AUTHORITATIVE", Siachen Glacier is 76 km (47 mi) long; Tajikistan's, as is done when determining river lengths, second-longest in the world's non-polar areas, Defence Research and Development Organisation, International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation, International Union for Conservation of Nature, "The Himalayas War at the Top of the World", "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India – Opinions", "Siachen dispute: India and Pakistan's glacial fight", "India gained control over Siachen in 1984", "In landmark move, PM Imran unveils 'new political map' of Pakistan", "Life & death in world's highest combat zone", "Siachen deaths harden resolve to hold glacier: Army chief", "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Opinions", "Siachen height provides military depth India can't afford to lose | India News", "Story of Saltoro – From Ababeel to Meghdoot", "Avalanche buries Pakistan base; 117 soldiers feared dead", "Bleeding in Siachen: Pakistan losing 30 soldiers a year on highest battlefield", "Rescue operations at Gayari Sector after Pakistan avalanche, Photo Gallery", "33 Indian soldiers killed in Siachen since 2012: govt", "In Siachen, 869 Army men died battling the elements", "Kashmir's Siachen glacier a frigid outpost in India-Pakistan conflict", "Demilitarization of the Siachen Conflict Zone: Concepts for Implementation and Monitoring", "India must continue to hold on to Siachen: Bikram Singh, Army Chief General", "Army should stay put in Siachen, says General Bikram Singh", "846 Indian soldiers have died in Siachen since 1984", "Won't vacate Siachen, we can't trust Pakistan, says Manohar Parrikar | India News", "Here's how ISRO's space technology can save lives of soldiers at Siachen", "Siachen: While the battle continues to rage, no settlement is in sight", "Siachen glacier: Indian troops repulse major Pakistani offensive", "Army opposes Pakistan's demand for troop withdrawal from Siachen Glacier – Indian Express", "UN Map showing CFL as per Karachi Agreement – UN document number S/1430/Add.2", "Why India cannot afford to give up Siachen", "Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry for Glacier Movement Studies", "Exchange Siachen confrontation for peace", "Military activity leads to melting of Siachen glaciers", "Environmental peacemaking: Ending conflict between India and Pakistan on the Siachen Glacier through the creation of a transboundary peace park", "Siachen tragedy – day 5: Bad weather dogs avalanche search efforts", "16 Things You Should Know About India's Soldiers Defending Siachen", "Pakistan wants resolution of Siachen issue: Kayani", India hits back at Pak over Siachen issue, "Out of the box ideas for glacier: Siachen could become bio reserve or peace park", "Sites deferred by the Committee which may merit re-nomination", "US expert at Sandia wants Siachen converted into Science Centre", TIME Asia's cover story on Siachen Glacier (July 11, 2005), Video about the Conflict in the Siachen area and its consequences, Outside magazine article about Siachen battleground, Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Kargil, Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, Leh, Defence Institute of High Altitude Research, Eliezer Joldan Memorial College Leh, Ladakh, Students' Educational and Cultural Movement of Ladakh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siachen_Glacier&oldid=991612509, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2012, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 23:36. [49], The glacier was uninhabited before 1984, and the presence of thousands of troops since then has introduced pollution and melting on the glacier. [68] Ignoring protests from Pakistan, India maintains that it does not need anyone's approval to send trekkers to Siachen, in what it says is essentially its own territory. The first group included cadets from Chail Military School, National Defence Academy, National Cadet Corps, Indian Military Academy, Rashtriya Indian Military College and family members of armed forces officers. By joining NJ9842 to Karakoram pass using a dotted line on the map, Pakistan wanted to usurp the region. At 48 miles (72 km) in length, the Himalayan Siachen glacier is the largest glacier outside the poles. Zee Entertainment Enterprises Limited. It is the longest glacier in the Karakoram Range, running 78 … Siachen glacier’s average elevation from sea level is around 17770 feet. [47] The 1972 Simla Agreement made no change to the 1949 Line of Control in this northernmost sector. The Shyok in turn joins the 3000 kilometre-long Indus River which flows through Pakistan. [71] After a proposal of a transboundary Peace Park was floated, the International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation (UIAA) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) organised a conference at Geneva and invited Indian and Pakistani mountaineers (Mandip Singh Soin, Harish Kapadia, Nazir Sabir and Sher Khan). The 75-km long Siachen Glacier … [3][14] Between 1984 and 1999, frequent skirmishes took place between India and Pakistan. Discover Siachen Glacier in India / Pakistan: This disputed mass of ice is home to the highest battleground on Earth. [35][36] According to TIME magazine, India gained over 1,000 square miles (3,000 km2) in territory because of its 1980s military operations in Siachen. The Siachen Glacier at the height of around 20,000 ft in the Karakoram range is known as the highest militarised zone in the world where the soldiers have to battle frostbite and high winds. [56][57] As of 2007, the temperature rise at Siachen was estimated at 0.2-degree Celsius annually, causing melting, avalanches, and crevasses in the glacier. It lies to the north of Point NJ 9842, where the Line of Control (LoC) between India and Pakistan ends. The glacier’s width varies from 1 to 2.5 km. Troops are deployed at heights between 18,000 feet and 23,000 feet; forward positions have small posts (perhaps 75-80 along the length of the glacier) manned by 10-15 soldiers each. [73] The area to the east and west of the Siachen region have already been declared national parks: the Karakoram Wildlife Sanctuary in India and the Central Karakoram National Park in Pakistan. Siachen is the highest battlefield between Pakistan and India. Avalanches and landslides are common at the glacier during the winters and temperatures can drop to as low as minus 60 degrees Celsius. The Siachen Glacier, located in the eastern Karakoram Range is also the highest battleground on earth, where India and Pakistan maintain permanent military personnel at a height of over 6,000 meters. Both nations are carrying on a military presence in the region at a height of over 20,000 ft. Avalanche. [3] U.S. and Pakistani maps in the 1970s and 1980s consistently showed a dotted line from NJ9842 (the northernmost demarcated point of the India-Pakistan cease-fire line, also known as the Line of Control) to the Karakoram Pass, which India believed to be a cartographic error and in violation of the Shimla Agreement. The major passes on this ridge are, from north to south, Sia La at 5,589 m (18,336 ft), Bilafond La at 5,450 m (17,880 ft), and Gyong La at 5,689 m (18,665 ft). [51] The Indian army is said to have planned a "Green Siachen, Clean Siachen" campaign to airlift the garbage from the glacier, and to use biodigestors for biodegradable waste in the absence of oxygen and freezing temperatures. [37] In February 2016, Indian Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar stated in Parliament that India will not vacate Siachen as there is trust deficit with Pakistan and also said that 915 people have lost their lives in Siachen since Operation Meghdoot in 1984. India spends around 5 to 7 crores daily on guarding the glacier. A part of Siachen glacier, the world’s highest and coldest battlefield, has now been opened up for tourists. The world's highest battlefield, at the intersection of China, India and Pakistan, just west of the Kharokorum Pass. Avalanches and landslides are common at the glacier during the winters and temperatures can drop to as low as minus 60 degrees Celsius. [29][30] The Indian Army has developed various means to reach the Siachen region, including the Manali-Leh-Khardung La-Siachen route. You will be surprised to know that this number is almost twice the men who lost their lives in the Kargil war. Siachen height News - Find Siachen height latest News and Headlines today along with Siachen height Photos and Videos at HindustanTimes.com. The Siachen glacier, in northern Kashmir, is regarded as the world's highest battlefield. The Siachen Glacier, ... India over the strategic value of the Siachen and whether India needs to continue its deployment of soldiers at its icy heights. Now that civilians are allowed to experience the tough conditions of Siachen Glacier and many of you have even started to plan a trip to the highest battlefield, here we tell you 5 important facts about the place which is solely operated by Indian soldiers. "Chun" refers to any object found in abundance. Siachen Glacier, which is the world’s highest battlefield, is now open for tourists, says Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh. [20][21] Between January 2012 and July 2015, 33 Indian soldiers lost their lives due to adverse weather. Both countries maintain a permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 m (20,000 ft). At Siachen glacier, the temperature is always freezing and it can even drop to minus 60 degrees Celsius. “This entire area is a mountaineer’s paradise,” Stobzan observed. [50], Preliminary findings of a survey by Pakistan Meteorological Department in 2007 revealed that the Siachen glacier has been retreating for the past 30 years and is melting at an alarming rate. By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. Our soldiers face off against the Pakistan army atop a 76 km long glacier at 5400 metres altitude. It is only until this point that outsiders — celebrities and political leaders — can visit. Khardung La Pass is at the height of 18,380 ft, which lies to the north of Leh and it also provides a gateway to the Shyok and Nubra Valleys. The former is under the control of. The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about 35°25′16″N 77°06′34″E / 35.421226°N 77.109540°E / 35.421226; 77.109540, just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan ends. [31][32] According to the present ground positions, relatively stable for over a decade, India maintains control over all of the 76 kilometres (47 mi) long Siachen Glacier and all of its tributary glaciers, as well as all the main passes and heights of the Saltoro Ridge[33] immediately west of the glacier, including Sia La, Bilafond La, Gyong La, Yarma La (6,100m), and Chulung La (5,800m). (UPI Photo) Indian soldiers shout slogans as they hold their ice axes after descending from a mountain during a traning session near the base camp of Siachen glacier, India on May 5, 2007. The Siachen Glacier is in the eastern Karakoram go in the Himalaya Mountains along the questioned India-Pakistan interval fringe at around 35.5° N 77.0° E. It is the longest ice sheet in the Karakoram and second longest on the planet’s non-polar zones. Siachen glacier, located in the eastern Karakoram Range in the Himalayas, is one of the five largest glaciers in the Karakoram, situated at an average altitude of 18,000 ft above sea level. A war memorial can be seen on the Nubra river with the names of all the. An interesting example is the Tibetan Plateau, where the monsoon creates steady strong winds from December to April, and calm winds from June to October. The operations are dictated mostly by the weather and we got a first-hand experience of it while waiting for our flight from the Siachen base camp to the Benazir post at a height of around 17,000 feet. [34] Pakistan controls the glacial valleys immediately west of the Saltoro Ridge. [38] As per official records, only 220 Indian soldiers have been killed by enemy bullets since 1984 in Siachen area. Lying at geographical coordinates 35.46 o N, 77.04 o E, and at an altitude more than 5000 m above sea level, the entire glacier is home to numerous significant passes guarded by the Indian Army. [55] One of the reasons theorized for the recent glacial retreat is chemical blasting, done for constructing camps and posts. Including all tributary glaciers, the Siachen Glacier system covers about 700 km2 (270 sq mi). With posts at heights of 18000-20,000 ft and temperatures dipping below -50 °Celsius, the glacier is one of the most inhospitable regions in the world. [60] Almost forty percent (40%) of the waste left at the glacier is of plastic and metal composition, including toxins such as cobalt, cadmium and chromium that eventually affect the water of the Shyok River (which ultimately enters the Indus River near Skardu.) The average annual snowfall is 35 feet, with temperatures ranging from minus 25 to 50 degrees Celsius. A view from Siachen glacier, ... Broad Peak, also known as K-3 -- the world’s 12th-highest peak with a height of 8,051 m (26,414 ft) -- is located in the Karakoram range about eight km from K-2.
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